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  60. Moderation
  61. Modesty and chastity
  62. Morals
  63. Natural History
  64. Nature of Marital Relationship
  65. Obedience of the Law
  66. Object and Islamic culture
  67. Obligations of Wives
  68. Opposition to truth
  69. Organization
  70. Parents and relations
  71. Participation in Defence
  72. Physics
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  74. Piety destroys world life
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  81. Protection of Chastity
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  86. Reconciliation
  87. Relations between Individuals
  88. Relationship of Individuals with Society
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  90. Right of property
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  92. Rights of Livelyhood
  93. Rights of Privacy
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  95. Rights of Women
  96. Sacrifices
  97. Scales and Measurements
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  99. Search for truth
  100. Significance of Faith in Marriage
  101. Social Justice
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  103. Social Stratification
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  105. Solidarity of Objectives
  106. Sound
  107. Source of Peace and Affection
  108. Subservience to Leaders
  109. Supplication and Cries for help
  110. Supremacy of Law
  111. Tauheed (Unity of God)
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  113. The Family and Marriage
  114. The focus of Islamic system
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  116. The International Community
  117. The object of Islamic culture
  118. The Physical World
  119. The Poor and Needy
  120. The Quran condemns evil deeds
  121. The Study of Human Nature
  122. The unity of human origin
  123. The unity of mankind
  124. Universality of the Sex Relation
  125. War Preparations
  126. Weightlessness
  127. Wife's duties
  128. Worldly status
  129. Worship Obedience
  130. Zoology

Institution of Marriage


  1. Sura: 3 - aal-`Imraan (The Family of `Imraan) Ayat: 14

    زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ الشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَالْبَنِينَ وَالْقَنَاطِيرِ الْمُقَنْطَرَةِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَالْخَيْلِ الْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ وَالْحَرْثِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَاللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حُسْنُ الْمَآبِ (14

    "لوگوں کے لئے خواہشااُ دنیا - عورتیں,اولاد, سونے چاندی کے ڈھیر, تندرست گھوڑے یا چوپائےً کھیتیاں سب مزیّن اور آراستہ کردی گئی ہیں کہ یہی متاع دنیا ہے اور اللہ کے پاس بہترین انجام ہے"

    [YOUSAF ALI] Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet: Women and sons; Heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world's life; but in nearness to Allah is the best of the goals (To return to).

    [ PICKTHAL ] Beautified for mankind is love of the joys (that come) from women and offspring; and stored-up heaps of gold and silver, and horses branded (with their mark), and cattle and land. That is comfort of the life of the world. Allah! With Him is a more excellent abode.

    [ SHAKIR ] The love of desires, of women and sons and hoarded treasures of gold and silver and well bred horses and cattle and tilth, is made to seem fair to men; this is the provision of the life of this world; and Allah is He with Whom is the good goal (of life).


  2. Sura: 4 - an-Nisaa' (The Women) Ayat: 3

    وَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تُقْسِطُوا فِي الْيَتَامَىٰ فَانْكِحُوا مَا طَابَ لَكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ مَثْنَىٰ وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ ۖ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا فَوَاحِدَةً أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَدْنَىٰ أَلَّا تَعُولُوا (3

    "اور اگر یتیموں کے بارے میں انصاف نہ کرسکنے کا خطرہ ہے تو جو عورتیں تمہیں پسند ہیں دو. تین. چار ان سے نکاح کرلو اور اگر ان میں بھی انصاف نہ کرسکنے کا خطرہ ہے تو صرف ایک... یا جو کنیزیں تمہارے ہاتھ کی ملکیت ہیں, یہ بات انصاف سے تجاوز نہ کرنے سے قریب تر ہے"

    [YOUSAF ALI] If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.

    [ PICKTHAL ] And if ye fear that ye will not deal fairly by the orphans, marry of the women, who seem good to you, two or three or four; and if ye fear that ye cannot do justice (to so many) then one (only) or (the captives) that your right hands possess. Thus it is more likely that ye will not do injustice.

    [ SHAKIR ] And if you fear that you cannot act equitably towards orphans, then marry such women as seem good to you, two and three and four; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then (marry) only one or what your right hands possess; this is more proper, that you may not deviate from the right course.


  3. Sura: 4 - an-Nisaa' (The Women) Ayat: 24

    ۞ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۖ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ ۚ وَأُحِلَّ لَكُمْ مَا وَرَاءَ ذَٰلِكُمْ أَنْ تَبْتَغُوا بِأَمْوَالِكُمْ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ ۚ فَمَا اسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْهُنَّ فَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً ۚ وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِيمَا تَرَاضَيْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْفَرِيضَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا (24

    اورتم پر حرام ہیں شادی شدہ عورتیں- علاوہ ان کے جو تمہاری کنیزیں بن جائیں- یہ خدا کا کھلا ہوا قانون ہے اور ان سب عورتوں کے علاوہ تمہارے لئے حلال ہے کہ اپنے اموال کے ذریعہ عورتوں سے رشتہ پیدا کرو عفت و پاک دامنی کے ساتھً سفاح و زنا کے ساتھ نہیں پس جو بھی ان عورتوں سے تمتع کرے ان کی اجرت انہیں بطور فریضہ دے دے اور فریضہ کے بعد آپس میں رضا مندی ہوجائے تو کوئی حرج نہیں ہے بیشک اللہ علیم بھی ہے اور حکیم بھی ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] Also (prohibited are) women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: Thus hath Allah ordained (Prohibitions) against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property,- desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers (at least) as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.

    [ PICKTHAL ] And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. Lawful unto you are all beyond those mentioned, so that ye seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock, not debauchery. And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual agreement after the duty (hath been done). Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise.

    [ SHAKIR ] And all married women except those whom your right hands possess (this is) Allah's ordinance to you, and lawful for you are (all women) besides those, provided that you seek (them) with your property, taking (them) in marriage not committing fornication. Then as to those whom you profit by, give them their dowries as appointed; and there is no blame on you about what you mutually agree after what is appointed; surely Allah is Knowing, Wise.


  4. Sura: 17 - al-Israa' (The Night Journey) Ayat: 32

    وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنَا ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَسَاءَ سَبِيلًا (32

    اور دیکھو زنا کے قریب بھی نہ جانا کہ یہ بدکاری ہے اور بہت بفِا راستہ ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).

    [ PICKTHAL ] And come not near unto adultery. Lo! it is an abomination and an evil way.

    [ SHAKIR ] And go not nigh to fornication; surely it is an indecency and an evil way.


  5. Sura: 25 - al-Furqaan (The Criterion) Ayat: 45

    أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ كَيْفَ مَدَّ الظِّلَّ وَلَوْ شَاءَ لَجَعَلَهُ سَاكِنًا ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَا الشَّمْسَ عَلَيْهِ دَلِيلًا (45

    کیا آپ نے نہیں دیکھا کہ آپ کے پروردگار نے کس طرح سایہ کو پھیلا دیا ہے اور وہ چاہتا تو ایک ہی جگہ ساکن بنا دیتا پھر ہم نے آفتاب کو اس کی دلیل بنادیا ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] Hast thou not turned thy vision to thy Lord?- How He doth prolong the shadow! If He willed, He could make it stationary! then do We make the sun its guide;

    [ PICKTHAL ] Hast thou not seen how thy Lord hath spread the shade - And if He willed He could have made it still - then We have made the sun its pilot;

    [ SHAKIR ] Have you not considered (the work of) your Lord, how He extends the shade? And if He had pleased He would certainly have made it stationary; then We have made the sun an indication of it


  6. Sura: 31 - Luqman (Luqman) Ayat: 14

    وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ وَهْنًا عَلَىٰ وَهْنٍ وَفِصَالُهُ فِي عَامَيْنِ أَنِ اشْكُرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيْكَ إِلَيَّ الْمَصِيرُ (14

    اور ہم نے انسان کو ماں باپ کے بارے میں نصیحت کی ہے کہ اس کی ماں نے دکھ پر دکھ سہہ کر اسے پیٹ میں رکھا ہے اور اس کی دودھ بڑھائی بھی دوسال میں ہوئی ہے ...._ کہ میرا اور اپنے ماں باپ کا شکریہ ادا کرو کہ تم سب کی بازگشت میری ہی طرف ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), "Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is (thy final) Goal.

    [ PICKTHAL ] And We have enjoined upon man concerning his partners - His mother beareth him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years - Give thanks unto Me and unto thy parents. Unto Me is the journeying.

    [ SHAKIR ] And We have enjoined man in respect of his parents-- his mother bears him with faintings upon faintings and his weaning takes two years-- saying: Be grateful to Me and to both your parents; to Me is the eventual coming.


  7. Sura: 46 - al-Ahqaf (The Dunes) Ayat: 15

    وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ إِحْسَانًا ۖ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ كُرْهًا وَوَضَعَتْهُ كُرْهًا ۖ وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصَالُهُ ثَلَاثُونَ شَهْرًا ۚ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ وَبَلَغَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً قَالَ رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَصْلِحْ لِي فِي ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ (15

    اور ہم نے انسان کو اس کے ماں باپ کے ساتھ نیک برتاؤ کرنے کی نصیحت کی کہ اس کی ماں نے بڑے رنج کے ساتھ اسے شکم میں رکھا ہے اور پھر بڑی تکلیف کے ساتھ پیدا کیا ہے اور اس کے حمل اور دودھ بڑھائی کا کل زمانہ تیس مہینے کا ہے یہاں تک کہ جب وہ توانائی کو پہنچ گیا اور چالیس برس کا ہوگیا تو اس نے دعا کی کہ پروردگار مجھے توفیق دے کہ میں تیری اس نعمت کا شکریہ ادا کروں جو تو نے مجھے اور میرے والدین کو عطا کی ہے اور ایسا نیک عمل کروں کہ تو راضی ہوجائے اور میری ذریت میں بھی صلاح و تقویٰ قرار دے کہ میں تیری ہی طرف متوجہ ہوں اور تیرے فرمانبردار بندوں میں ہوں

    [YOUSAF ALI] We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents: In pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth. The carrying of the (child) to his weaning is (a period of) thirty months. At length, when he reaches the age of full strength and attains forty years, he says, "O my Lord! Grant me that I may be grateful for Thy favour which Thou has bestowed upon me, and upon both my parents, and that I may work righteousness such as Thou mayest approve; and be gracious to me in my issue. Truly have I turned to Thee and truly do I bow (to Thee) in Islam."

    [ PICKTHAL ] And We have commended unto man kindness toward parents. His mother beareth him with reluctance, and bringeth him forth with reluctance, and the bearing of him and the weaning of him is thirty months, till, when he attaineth full strength and reacheth forty years, he saith: My Lord! Arouse me that I may give thanks for the favour wherewith Thou hast favoured me and my parents, and that I may do right acceptable unto Thee. And be gracious unto me in the matter of my seed. Lo! I have turned unto Thee repentant, and lo! I am of those who surrender (unto Thee).

    [ SHAKIR ] And We have enjoined on man doing of good to his parents; with trouble did his mother bear him and with trouble did she bring him forth; and the bearing of him and the weaning of him was thirty months; until when he attains his maturity and reaches forty years, he says: My Lord! grant me that I may give thanks for Thy favor which Thou hast bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do good which pleases Thee and do good to me in respect of my offspring; surely I turn to Thee, and surely I am of those who submit.


  8. Sura: 49 - al-Hujraat (The Inner Apartments) Ayat: 13

    يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ (13

    انسانو ہم نے تم کو ایک مرد اور ایک عورت سے پیدا کیا ہے اور پھر تم میں شاخیں اور قبیلے قرار دیئے ہیں تاکہ آپس میں ایک دوسرے کو پہچان سکو بیشک تم میں سے خدا کے نزدیک زیادہ محترم وہی ہے جو زیادہ پرہیزگارہے اور اللہ ہر شے کا جاننے والا اور ہر بات سے باخبر ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).

    [ PICKTHAL ] O mankind! Lo! We have created you male and female, and have made you nations and tribes that ye may know one another. Lo! the noblest of you, in the sight of Allah, is the best in conduct. Lo! Allah is Knower, Aware.

    [ SHAKIR ] O you men! surely We have created you of a male and a female, and made you tribes and families that you may know each other; surely the most honorable of you with Allah is the one among you most careful (of his duty); surely Allah is Knowing, Aware.