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Subject

  1. 4 marriages
  2. Aaleen, Who are
  3. Abstinence from Idolatry
  4. Adam(a.s.) learnt kalamat for repentence
  5. Adoption
  6. Ahle kitab momineen
  7. All living things are created from water
  8. Allah does not make transgressors his aides
  9. Allah helped Muslims with Angels
  10. Allah will not forgive shirk
  11. Allah(swt) can not been seen
  12. Angel in form of a Man
  13. Asking for Help / Helper
  14. Associating partners with Allah(swt)
  15. Ayat-e-Balligh
  16. Ayat-e-Hijab
  17. Ayat-e-Ikmal-e-deen
  18. Ayat-e-Ishtara
  19. Ayat-e-Istirja
  20. Ayat-e-Itaet
  21. Ayat-e-Jaa al Haq
  22. Ayat-e-Khairul Bariya
  23. Ayat-e-Mawaddat
  24. Ayat-e-Meesaq
  25. Ayat-e-Mubahila
  26. Ayat-e-Muta
  27. Ayat-e-Salawat / Tasleem
  28. Ayat-e-Tat-heer
  29. Ayat-e-Waseela
  30. Ayat-e-Wilayat
  31. Ayatul Kursi
  32. Azadari
  33. Bani Israel
  34. Battle of Ohod
  35. Believe in all of Quran
  36. Blessed Persons
  37. Blood money / Qisas
  38. Challenge to make a similar Quran
  39. Change of Humans to Monkeys
  40. Characteristics of Sahaba
  41. Christians
  42. Condition of Contracts in Islam
  43. Creating mischief
  44. Creation in 6 days
  45. Creation of Adam(a.s.)
  46. Curse / Lanat
  47. Day of Judgement
  48. Deeds on non-believers
  49. Deen is Islam
  50. Direction of Qibla
  51. Disputing the Prophet(sawaw)
  52. Divorce / Talaq
  53. Do what you preach
  54. Drinking / Vine / Alcohol
  55. Enmity with Jibraeel
  56. Evil Eye - Nazar e bad
  57. Fast / Roza / Soum
  58. Follow / Obey / Ataet
  59. Forgiveness
  60. Good and Bad are not equal
  61. Guardians / Wali
  62. Habeel and Qabeel
  63. Hajj
  64. Halal / Haram Food
  65. Hazrat Ibrahim(a.s.) was a Muslim
  66. Hazrat Isa(a.s.) was not killed
  67. Hazrat Maryam and Hazrat Isa
  68. Hazrat Maryam got rizq from Allah
  69. Hazrat Moosa(a.s.) brought water from stone
  70. Hell is for disbelievers
  71. Help / Helper
  72. Hypocrites / Munafiq
  73. Iblees / Shaitan
  74. Ibrahim(a.s.)'s prayer
  75. Iddat
  76. Imamat
  77. Inheritors / Heir / Waris
  78. Intercession / Shafaat
  79. Jannah, Description
  80. Jannah, For muttaqeen
  81. Jews
  82. Jihad
  83. Jinn - their creation
  84. Jurisprudence/Fiqh
  85. Kaaba
  86. Keeping Promise
  87. Khalifa / Caliph / Wasi is appointed by Allah(swt)
  88. Khayanat
  89. Khums
  90. Knowledge and Successor
  91. Knowledge of the unseen
  92. Knowledge/Wisdom
  93. Kuffar, not to enter masjid ul haram
  94. Kun Fayakoon
  95. Life/Death, reason
  96. Love of Allah(swt)
  97. Mairaj
  98. Majority of people
  99. Maula
  100. Mehram / Na Mehram
  101. Momin Men and Women
  102. Mountain would have exploded with Quran
  103. Muslims
  104. No salvation for Infidels
  105. Noor
  106. Not all are equal in status
  107. Only Islam will be accepted
  108. Parents - Status
  109. Patience / Sabr
  110. Pleasure of Allah(swt)
  111. Prayer - In state of war
  112. Prayer - Qasr
  113. Prayer, how to
  114. Prophet - Number of successors
  115. Prophet and his duties
  116. Prophet as Bashar
  117. Prophet(sawaw) is the last messenger
  118. Prophet(sawaw) was sent among momineen
  119. Prophet(sawaw) will complain
  120. Prophet, Asked to fight Kuffar and Munafiqeen
  121. Prophet, Belief of disbelievers
  122. Prophet, Birth of Eisa(as)
  123. Prophet, For every nation
  124. Prophet, Has successor
  125. Prophet, Kind and compassionate
  126. Prophet, Many come from same lineage
  127. Prophet, Never goes astray
  128. Prophet, People who disobey
  129. Prophet, Will be witness over all
  130. Pure food / Halal
  131. Purpose of creation
  132. Qibla
  133. Quran was revealed for guidance
  134. Quran was sent on the heart of Prophet(sawaw)
  135. Rebirth after death
  136. Repentence / Tauba
  137. Respect for signs of Allah
  138. Resurrection
  139. Sajda-e-Tazeemi
  140. Salvation of Ahle Kitab
  141. Sects - do not get divided
  142. Selected ones
  143. Seven Skies
  144. Shaheed
  145. Shia in Quran
  146. Signs of Allah(swt)
  147. Slave men/women
  148. Sleep is like death
  149. Sood / Riba / Usury
  150. Soul
  151. Stones
  152. Story of Ashab-e-Kahaf
  153. Sunnat of Allah does not change
  154. Tabbara
  155. Tahajjud Prayer
  156. Taqayya
  157. Taqwa and muttaqeen
  158. Thief, Punishment
  159. Times of prayer
  160. Wahi on Honey Bee
  161. Waseela - Means for nearness
  162. What is Rooh
  163. Wife/Wives of Prophet(sawaw)
  164. Wine and Gamble
  165. Witness of Prophethood

Condition of Contracts in Islam


  1. Sura: 2 - al-Baqara (The Cow) Ayat: 282

    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا تَدَايَنْتُمْ بِدَيْنٍ إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى فَاكْتُبُوهُ ۚ وَلْيَكْتُبْ بَيْنَكُمْ كَاتِبٌ بِالْعَدْلِ ۚ وَلَا يَأْبَ كَاتِبٌ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ كَمَا عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ ۚ فَلْيَكْتُبْ وَلْيُمْلِلِ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ وَلْيَتَّقِ اللَّهَ رَبَّهُ وَلَا يَبْخَسْ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا ۚ فَإِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ سَفِيهًا أَوْ ضَعِيفًا أَوْ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُمِلَّ هُوَ فَلْيُمْلِلْ وَلِيُّهُ بِالْعَدْلِ ۚ وَاسْتَشْهِدُوا شَهِيدَيْنِ مِنْ رِجَالِكُمْ ۖ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُونَا رَجُلَيْنِ فَرَجُلٌ وَامْرَأَتَانِ مِمَّنْ تَرْضَوْنَ مِنَ الشُّهَدَاءِ أَنْ تَضِلَّ إِحْدَاهُمَا فَتُذَكِّرَ إِحْدَاهُمَا الْأُخْرَىٰ ۚ وَلَا يَأْبَ الشُّهَدَاءُ إِذَا مَا دُعُوا ۚ وَلَا تَسْأَمُوا أَنْ تَكْتُبُوهُ صَغِيرًا أَوْ كَبِيرًا إِلَىٰ أَجَلِهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ أَقْسَطُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَأَقْوَمُ لِلشَّهَادَةِ وَأَدْنَىٰ أَلَّا تَرْتَابُوا ۖ إِلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً حَاضِرَةً تُدِيرُونَهَا بَيْنَكُمْ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَلَّا تَكْتُبُوهَا ۗ وَأَشْهِدُوا إِذَا تَبَايَعْتُمْ ۚ وَلَا يُضَارَّ كَاتِبٌ وَلَا شَهِيدٌ ۚ وَإِنْ تَفْعَلُوا فَإِنَّهُ فُسُوقٌ بِكُمْ ۗ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ وَيُعَلِّمُكُمُ اللَّهُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ (282

    ایمان والو جب بھی آپس میں ایک مقررہ مدّت کے لئے قرض کا لین دین کرو تو اسے لکھ لو اور تمہارے درمیان کوئی بھی کاتب لکھے لیکن انصاف کے ساتھ لکھے اور کاتب کو نہ چاہئے کہ خدا کی تعلیم کے مطابق لکھنے سے انکار کرے. اسے لکھ دینا چاہئے اور جس کے ذمہ قرض ہے اس کو چاہئے کہ وہ املا کرے اور اس خدا سے ڈرتا رہے جو اس کا پالنے والا ہے اور کسی طرح کی کمی نہ کرے. اب اگر جس کے ذمہ قرض ہے وہ نادان کمزور یا مضمون بتانے کے قابل نہیں ہے تو اس کا ولی مضمون تیار کرے- اور اپنے مردوں میں سے دو کو گواہ بناؤ اور دو مرد نہ ہوں تو ایک مرد اور دو عورتیں تاکہ ایک بہکنے لگے تو دوسری یاد دلا دے اور گواہوں کو چاہئے کہ گواہی کے لئے بلائے جائیں تو انکار نہ کریں اور خبردار لکھا پڑھی سے ناگواری کا اظہار نہ کرنا چاہے قرض چھوٹا ہو یا بڑا مّدت معین ہونی چاہئے۔ یہی پروردگار کے نزدیک عدالت کے مطابق اورگواہی کے لئے زیادہ مستحکم طریقہ ہے اور اس امر سے قریب تر ہے کہ آپس میں شک و شبہ نہ پیدا ہو- ہاں اگر تجارت نقد ہے جس سے تم لوگ آپس میں اموال کی الٹ پھیر کرتے ہو تو نہ لکھنے میں کوئی حرج بھی نہیں ہے اور اگر تجارت میں بھی گواہ بناؤ تو کاتب یا گواہ کو حق نہیں کہ اپنے طرزِ عمل سے لوگوں کو نقصان پہنچائے اور نہ لوگوں کو یہ حق ہے اور اگر تم نے ایسا کیا تو یہ اطاعتِ خدا سے نافرمانی ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] O ye who believe! When ye deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties: let not the scribe refuse to write: as Allah Has taught him, so let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate, but let him fear His Lord Allah, and not diminish aught of what he owes. If they party liable is mentally deficient, or weak, or unable Himself to dictate, Let his guardian dictate faithfully, and get two witnesses, out of your own men, and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (For evidence). Disdain not to reduce to writing (your contract) for a future period, whether it be small or big: it is juster in the sight of Allah, More suitable as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves but if it be a transaction which ye carry out on the spot among yourselves, there is no blame on you if ye reduce it not to writing. But take witness whenever ye make a commercial contract; and let neither scribe nor witness suffer harm. If ye do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So fear Allah; For it is Good that teaches you. And Allah is well acquainted with all things. If ye are on a journey, and cannot find a scribe, a pledge with possession (may serve the purpose). And if one of you deposits a thing on trust with another, let the trustee (faithfully) discharge his trust, and let him Fear his Lord conceal not evidence; for whoever conceals it, - his heart is tainted with sin. And Allah knoweth all that ye do.

    [ PICKTHAL ] O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing between you in (terms of) equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him write, and let him who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who oweth the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity. And call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one erreth (through forgetfulness) the other will remember. And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and the best way of avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise which ye transfer among yourselves from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! it is a sin in you. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah is teaching you. And Allah is knower of all things.

    [ SHAKIR ] O you who believe! when you deal with each other in contracting a debt for a fixed time, then write it down; and let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; and the scribe should not refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so he should write; and let him who owes the debt dictate, and he should be careful of (his duty to) Allah, his Lord, and not diminish anything from it; but if he who owes the debt is unsound in understanding, or weak, or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate with fairness; and call in to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among those whom you choose to be witnesses, so that if one of the two errs, the second of the two may remind the other; and the witnesses should not refuse when they are summoned; and be not averse to writing it (whether it is) small or large, with the time of its falling due; this is more equitable in the sight of Allah and assures greater accuracy in testimony, and the nearest (way) that you may not entertain doubts (afterwards), except when it is ready merchandise which you give and take among yourselves from hand to hand, then there is no blame on you in not writing it down; and have witnesses when you barter with one another, and let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witness; and if you do (it) then surely it will be a transgression in you, and be careful of (your duty) to Allah, Allah teaches you, and Allah knows all things.

    [ REMARKS : Write down all transactions e.g. loan. Appoint testifiers. Men and women testifiers are equal. Two women are needed only because if one forgets then the other could remind her. ]

    [ TAGS : Contract, Condition, Testify, Testimony, Mamla, Qarz, Gawah, Gawahi, Aurat ]