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  1. 4 marriages
  2. Aaleen, Who are
  3. Aayatillah
  4. Abstinence from Idolatry
  5. Adam(a.s.) learnt kalamat for repentence
  6. Adoption
  7. Ahle kitab momineen
  8. All living things are created from water
  9. Allah does not make transgressors his aides
  10. Allah helped Muslims with Angels
  11. Allah will not forgive shirk
  12. Allah(swt) can not been seen
  13. Angel in form of a Man
  14. Asking for Help / Helper
  15. Associating partners with Allah(swt)
  16. Ayat-e-Balligh
  17. Ayat-e-Hijab
  18. Ayat-e-Ikmal-e-deen
  19. Ayat-e-Ishtara
  20. Ayat-e-Istirja
  21. Ayat-e-Itaet
  22. Ayat-e-Jaa al Haq
  23. Ayat-e-Khairul Bariya
  24. Ayat-e-Mawaddat
  25. Ayat-e-Meesaq
  26. Ayat-e-Mubahila
  27. Ayat-e-Muta
  28. Ayat-e-Sadiqeen
  29. Ayat-e-Salawat / Tasleem
  30. Ayat-e-Tat-heer
  31. Ayat-e-Waseela
  32. Ayat-e-Wilayat
  33. Ayatul Kursi
  34. Azadari
  35. Bani Israel
  36. Battle of Ohod
  37. Believe in all of Quran
  38. Blessed Persons
  39. Blood money / Qisas
  40. Challenge to make a similar Quran
  41. Change of Humans to Monkeys
  42. Characteristics of Sahaba
  43. Christians
  44. Condition of Contracts in Islam
  45. Creating mischief
  46. Creation in 6 days
  47. Creation of Adam(a.s.)
  48. Curse / Lanat
  49. Day of Judgement
  50. Deeds on non-believers
  51. Deen is Islam
  52. Direction of Qibla
  53. Disputing the Prophet(sawaw)
  54. Divorce / Talaq
  55. Do what you preach
  56. Drinking / Vine / Alcohol
  57. Enmity with Jibraeel
  58. Evil Eye - Nazar e bad
  59. Fast / Roza / Soum
  60. Father of Hazrat Ibrahim
  61. Follow / Obey / Ataet
  62. Forgiveness
  63. Good and Bad are not equal
  64. Guardians / Wali
  65. Habeel and Qabeel
  66. Hajj
  67. Halal / Haram Food
  68. Hazrat Ibrahim(a.s.) was a Muslim
  69. Hazrat Isa(a.s.) was not killed
  70. Hazrat Maryam and Hazrat Isa
  71. Hazrat Maryam got rizq from Allah
  72. Hazrat Moosa(a.s.) brought water from stone
  73. Hell is for disbelievers
  74. Help / Helper
  75. Hypocrites / Munafiq
  76. Iblees / Shaitan
  77. Ibrahim(a.s.)'s prayer
  78. Iddat
  79. Imamat
  80. Inheritors / Heir / Waris
  81. Intercession / Shafaat
  82. Jannah, Description
  83. Jannah, For muttaqeen
  84. Jews
  85. Jihad
  86. Jinn - their creation
  87. Jurisprudence/Fiqh
  88. Kaaba
  89. Keeping Promise
  90. Khalifa / Caliph / Wasi is appointed by Allah(swt)
  91. Khayanat
  92. Khums
  93. Knowledge and Successor
  94. Knowledge of the unseen
  95. Knowledge/Wisdom
  96. Kuffar, not to enter masjid ul haram
  97. Kun Fayakoon
  98. Life/Death, reason
  99. Love of Allah(swt)
  100. Mairaj
  101. Majority of people
  102. Maula
  103. Mehram / Na Mehram
  104. Momin Men and Women
  105. Mountain would have exploded with Quran
  106. Muslims
  107. Nazar
  108. No salvation for Infidels
  109. Noor
  110. Not all are equal in status
  111. Only Islam will be accepted
  112. Parents - Status
  113. Patience / Sabr
  114. Pleasure of Allah(swt)
  115. Prayer - In state of war
  116. Prayer - Qasr
  117. Prayer, how to
  118. Prophet - Number of successors
  119. Prophet and his duties
  120. Prophet as Bashar
  121. Prophet(sawaw) is the last messenger
  122. Prophet(sawaw) was sent among momineen
  123. Prophet(sawaw) will complain
  124. Prophet, Asked to fight Kuffar and Munafiqeen
  125. Prophet, Belief of disbelievers
  126. Prophet, Birth of Eisa(as)
  127. Prophet, For every nation
  128. Prophet, Has successor
  129. Prophet, Kind and compassionate
  130. Prophet, Many come from same lineage
  131. Prophet, Never goes astray
  132. Prophet, People who disobey
  133. Prophet, Will be witness over all
  134. Pure food / Halal
  135. Purpose of creation
  136. Qibla
  137. Quran was revealed for guidance
  138. Quran was sent on the heart of Prophet(sawaw)
  139. Rebirth after death
  140. Repentence / Tauba
  141. Respect for signs of Allah
  142. Resurrection
  143. Sajda-e-Tazeemi
  144. Salvation of Ahle Kitab
  145. Sects - do not get divided
  146. Selected ones
  147. Seven Skies
  148. Shaheed
  149. Shia in Quran
  150. Signs of Allah(swt)
  151. Slave men/women
  152. Sleep is like death
  153. Sood / Riba / Usury
  154. Soul
  155. Stones
  156. Story of Ashab-e-Kahaf
  157. Sunnat of Allah does not change
  158. Tabbara
  159. Tahajjud Prayer
  160. Taqayya
  161. Taqwa and muttaqeen
  162. Thief, Punishment
  163. Times of prayer
  164. Wahi on Honey Bee
  165. Wali
  166. Waseela - Means for nearness
  167. What is Rooh
  168. Wife/Wives of Prophet(sawaw)
  169. Wine and Gamble
  170. Witness of Prophethood

Condition of Contracts in Islam


  1. Sura: 2 - al-Baqara (The Cow) Ayat: 282

    (282

    ایمان والو جب بھی آپس میں ایک مقررہ مدّت کے لئے قرض کا لین دین کرو تو اسے لکھ لو اور تمہارے درمیان کوئی بھی کاتب لکھے لیکن انصاف کے ساتھ لکھے اور کاتب کو نہ چاہئے کہ خدا کی تعلیم کے مطابق لکھنے سے انکار کرے۔ اسے لکھ دینا چاہئے اور جس کے ذمہ قرض ہے اس کو چاہئے کہ وہ املا کرے اور اس خدا سے ڈرتا رہے جو اس کا پالنے والا ہے اور کسی طرح کی کمی نہ کرے۔ اب اگر جس کے ذمہ قرض ہے وہ نادان کمزور یا مضمون بتانے کے قابل نہیں ہے تو اس کا ولی مضمون تیار کرے- اور اپنے مردوں میں سے دو کو گواہ بناؤ اور دو مرد نہ ہوں تو ایک مرد اور دو عورتیں تاکہ ایک بہکنے لگے تو دوسری یاد دلا دے اور گواہوں کو چاہئے کہ گواہی کے لئے بلائے جائیں تو انکار نہ کریں اور خبردار لکھا پڑھی سے ناگواری کا اظہار نہ کرنا چاہے قرض چھوٹا ہو یا بڑا مّدت معین ہونی چاہئے۔ یہی پروردگار کے نزدیک عدالت کے مطابق اور گواہی کے لئے زیادہ مستحکم طریقہ ہے اور اس امر سے قریب تر ہے کہ آپس میں شک و شبہ نہ پیدا ہو- ہاں اگر تجارت نقد ہے جس سے تم لوگ آپس میں اموال کی الٹ پھیر کرتے ہو تو نہ لکھنے میں کوئی حرج بھی نہیں ہے اور اگر تجارت میں بھی گواہ بناؤ تو کاتب یا گواہ کو حق نہیں کہ اپنے طرزِ عمل سے لوگوں کو نقصان پہنچائے اور نہ لوگوں کو یہ حق ہے اور اگر تم نے ایسا کیا تو یہ اطاعتِ خدا سے نافرمانی ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] O ye who believe! When ye deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties: let not the scribe refuse to write: as Allah Has taught him, so let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate, but let him fear His Lord Allah, and not diminish aught of what he owes. If they party liable is mentally deficient, or weak, or unable Himself to dictate, Let his guardian dictate faithfully, and get two witnesses, out of your own men, and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (For evidence). Disdain not to reduce to writing (your contract) for a future period, whether it be small or big: it is juster in the sight of Allah, More suitable as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves but if it be a transaction which ye carry out on the spot among yourselves, there is no blame on you if ye reduce it not to writing. But take witness whenever ye make a commercial contract; and let neither scribe nor witness suffer harm. If ye do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So fear Allah; For it is Good that teaches you. And Allah is well acquainted with all things. If ye are on a journey, and cannot find a scribe, a pledge with possession (may serve the purpose). And if one of you deposits a thing on trust with another, let the trustee (faithfully) discharge his trust, and let him Fear his Lord conceal not evidence; for whoever conceals it, - his heart is tainted with sin. And Allah knoweth all that ye do.

    [ PICKTHAL ] O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing between you in (terms of) equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him write, and let him who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who oweth the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity. And call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one erreth (through forgetfulness) the other will remember. And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and the best way of avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise which ye transfer among yourselves from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! it is a sin in you. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah is teaching you. And Allah is knower of all things.

    [ SHAKIR ] O you who believe! when you deal with each other in contracting a debt for a fixed time, then write it down; and let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; and the scribe should not refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so he should write; and let him who owes the debt dictate, and he should be careful of (his duty to) Allah, his Lord, and not diminish anything from it; but if he who owes the debt is unsound in understanding, or weak, or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate with fairness; and call in to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among those whom you choose to be witnesses, so that if one of the two errs, the second of the two may remind the other; and the witnesses should not refuse when they are summoned; and be not averse to writing it (whether it is) small or large, with the time of its falling due; this is more equitable in the sight of Allah and assures greater accuracy in testimony, and the nearest (way) that you may not entertain doubts (afterwards), except when it is ready merchandise which you give and take among yourselves from hand to hand, then there is no blame on you in not writing it down; and have witnesses when you barter with one another, and let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witness; and if you do (it) then surely it will be a transgression in you, and be careful of (your duty) to Allah, Allah teaches you, and Allah knows all things.

    [ REMARKS : Write down all transactions e.g. loan. Appoint testifiers. Men and women testifiers are equal. Two women are needed only because if one forgets then the other could remind her. ]

    [ TAGS ENGLISH: Contract, Condition, Testify, Testimony]
    [ TAGS URDU: Mamla, Qarz, Gawah, Gawahi, Aurat ]