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  1. 4 marriages
  2. Aaleen, Who are
  3. Aayatillah
  4. Abstinence from Idolatry
  5. Adam(a.s.) learnt kalamat for repentence
  6. Adoption
  7. Ahle kitab momineen
  8. All living things are created from water
  9. Allah does not make transgressors his aides
  10. Allah helped Muslims with Angels
  11. Allah will not forgive shirk
  12. Allah(swt) can not been seen
  13. Angel in form of a Man
  14. Asking for Help / Helper
  15. Associating partners with Allah(swt)
  16. Ayat-e-Balligh
  17. Ayat-e-Hijab
  18. Ayat-e-Ikmal-e-deen
  19. Ayat-e-Ishtara
  20. Ayat-e-Istirja
  21. Ayat-e-Itaet
  22. Ayat-e-Jaa al Haq
  23. Ayat-e-Khairul Bariya
  24. Ayat-e-Mawaddat
  25. Ayat-e-Meesaq
  26. Ayat-e-Mubahila
  27. Ayat-e-Muta
  28. Ayat-e-Salawat / Tasleem
  29. Ayat-e-Tat-heer
  30. Ayat-e-Waseela
  31. Ayat-e-Wilayat
  32. Ayatul Kursi
  33. Azadari
  34. Bani Israel
  35. Battle of Ohod
  36. Believe in all of Quran
  37. Blessed Persons
  38. Blood money / Qisas
  39. Challenge to make a similar Quran
  40. Change of Humans to Monkeys
  41. Characteristics of Sahaba
  42. Christians
  43. Condition of Contracts in Islam
  44. Creating mischief
  45. Creation in 6 days
  46. Creation of Adam(a.s.)
  47. Curse / Lanat
  48. Day of Judgement
  49. Deeds on non-believers
  50. Deen is Islam
  51. Direction of Qibla
  52. Disputing the Prophet(sawaw)
  53. Divorce / Talaq
  54. Do what you preach
  55. Drinking / Vine / Alcohol
  56. Enmity with Jibraeel
  57. Evil Eye - Nazar e bad
  58. Fast / Roza / Soum
  59. Father of Hazrat Ibrahim
  60. Follow / Obey / Ataet
  61. Forgiveness
  62. Good and Bad are not equal
  63. Guardians / Wali
  64. Habeel and Qabeel
  65. Hajj
  66. Halal / Haram Food
  67. Hazrat Ibrahim(a.s.) was a Muslim
  68. Hazrat Isa(a.s.) was not killed
  69. Hazrat Maryam and Hazrat Isa
  70. Hazrat Maryam got rizq from Allah
  71. Hazrat Moosa(a.s.) brought water from stone
  72. Hell is for disbelievers
  73. Help / Helper
  74. Hypocrites / Munafiq
  75. Iblees / Shaitan
  76. Ibrahim(a.s.)'s prayer
  77. Iddat
  78. Imamat
  79. Inheritors / Heir / Waris
  80. Intercession / Shafaat
  81. Jannah, Description
  82. Jannah, For muttaqeen
  83. Jews
  84. Jihad
  85. Jinn - their creation
  86. Jurisprudence/Fiqh
  87. Kaaba
  88. Keeping Promise
  89. Khalifa / Caliph / Wasi is appointed by Allah(swt)
  90. Khayanat
  91. Khums
  92. Knowledge and Successor
  93. Knowledge of the unseen
  94. Knowledge/Wisdom
  95. Kuffar, not to enter masjid ul haram
  96. Kun Fayakoon
  97. Life/Death, reason
  98. Love of Allah(swt)
  99. Mairaj
  100. Majority of people
  101. Maula
  102. Mehram / Na Mehram
  103. Momin Men and Women
  104. Mountain would have exploded with Quran
  105. Muslims
  106. Nazar
  107. No salvation for Infidels
  108. Noor
  109. Not all are equal in status
  110. Only Islam will be accepted
  111. Parents - Status
  112. Patience / Sabr
  113. Pleasure of Allah(swt)
  114. Prayer - In state of war
  115. Prayer - Qasr
  116. Prayer, how to
  117. Prophet - Number of successors
  118. Prophet and his duties
  119. Prophet as Bashar
  120. Prophet(sawaw) is the last messenger
  121. Prophet(sawaw) was sent among momineen
  122. Prophet(sawaw) will complain
  123. Prophet, Asked to fight Kuffar and Munafiqeen
  124. Prophet, Belief of disbelievers
  125. Prophet, Birth of Eisa(as)
  126. Prophet, For every nation
  127. Prophet, Has successor
  128. Prophet, Kind and compassionate
  129. Prophet, Many come from same lineage
  130. Prophet, Never goes astray
  131. Prophet, People who disobey
  132. Prophet, Will be witness over all
  133. Pure food / Halal
  134. Purpose of creation
  135. Qibla
  136. Quran was revealed for guidance
  137. Quran was sent on the heart of Prophet(sawaw)
  138. Rebirth after death
  139. Repentence / Tauba
  140. Respect for signs of Allah
  141. Resurrection
  142. Sajda-e-Tazeemi
  143. Salvation of Ahle Kitab
  144. Sects - do not get divided
  145. Selected ones
  146. Seven Skies
  147. Shaheed
  148. Shia in Quran
  149. Signs of Allah(swt)
  150. Slave men/women
  151. Sleep is like death
  152. Sood / Riba / Usury
  153. Soul
  154. Stones
  155. Story of Ashab-e-Kahaf
  156. Sunnat of Allah does not change
  157. Tabbara
  158. Tahajjud Prayer
  159. Taqayya
  160. Taqwa and muttaqeen
  161. Thief, Punishment
  162. Times of prayer
  163. Wahi on Honey Bee
  164. Wali
  165. Waseela - Means for nearness
  166. What is Rooh
  167. Wife/Wives of Prophet(sawaw)
  168. Wine and Gamble
  169. Witness of Prophethood

Condition of Contracts in Islam


  1. Sura: 2 - al-Baqara (The Cow) Ayat: 282

    (282

    ایمان والو جب بھی آپس میں ایک مقررہ مدّت کے لئے قرض کا لین دین کرو تو اسے لکھ لو اور تمہارے درمیان کوئی بھی کاتب لکھے لیکن انصاف کے ساتھ لکھے اور کاتب کو نہ چاہئے کہ خدا کی تعلیم کے مطابق لکھنے سے انکار کرے۔ اسے لکھ دینا چاہئے اور جس کے ذمہ قرض ہے اس کو چاہئے کہ وہ املا کرے اور اس خدا سے ڈرتا رہے جو اس کا پالنے والا ہے اور کسی طرح کی کمی نہ کرے۔ اب اگر جس کے ذمہ قرض ہے وہ نادان کمزور یا مضمون بتانے کے قابل نہیں ہے تو اس کا ولی مضمون تیار کرے- اور اپنے مردوں میں سے دو کو گواہ بناؤ اور دو مرد نہ ہوں تو ایک مرد اور دو عورتیں تاکہ ایک بہکنے لگے تو دوسری یاد دلا دے اور گواہوں کو چاہئے کہ گواہی کے لئے بلائے جائیں تو انکار نہ کریں اور خبردار لکھا پڑھی سے ناگواری کا اظہار نہ کرنا چاہے قرض چھوٹا ہو یا بڑا مّدت معین ہونی چاہئے۔ یہی پروردگار کے نزدیک عدالت کے مطابق اور گواہی کے لئے زیادہ مستحکم طریقہ ہے اور اس امر سے قریب تر ہے کہ آپس میں شک و شبہ نہ پیدا ہو- ہاں اگر تجارت نقد ہے جس سے تم لوگ آپس میں اموال کی الٹ پھیر کرتے ہو تو نہ لکھنے میں کوئی حرج بھی نہیں ہے اور اگر تجارت میں بھی گواہ بناؤ تو کاتب یا گواہ کو حق نہیں کہ اپنے طرزِ عمل سے لوگوں کو نقصان پہنچائے اور نہ لوگوں کو یہ حق ہے اور اگر تم نے ایسا کیا تو یہ اطاعتِ خدا سے نافرمانی ہے

    [YOUSAF ALI] O ye who believe! When ye deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties: let not the scribe refuse to write: as Allah Has taught him, so let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate, but let him fear His Lord Allah, and not diminish aught of what he owes. If they party liable is mentally deficient, or weak, or unable Himself to dictate, Let his guardian dictate faithfully, and get two witnesses, out of your own men, and if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one of them errs, the other can remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (For evidence). Disdain not to reduce to writing (your contract) for a future period, whether it be small or big: it is juster in the sight of Allah, More suitable as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves but if it be a transaction which ye carry out on the spot among yourselves, there is no blame on you if ye reduce it not to writing. But take witness whenever ye make a commercial contract; and let neither scribe nor witness suffer harm. If ye do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So fear Allah; For it is Good that teaches you. And Allah is well acquainted with all things. If ye are on a journey, and cannot find a scribe, a pledge with possession (may serve the purpose). And if one of you deposits a thing on trust with another, let the trustee (faithfully) discharge his trust, and let him Fear his Lord conceal not evidence; for whoever conceals it, - his heart is tainted with sin. And Allah knoweth all that ye do.

    [ PICKTHAL ] O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing between you in (terms of) equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him write, and let him who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who oweth the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity. And call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one erreth (through forgetfulness) the other will remember. And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and the best way of avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise which ye transfer among yourselves from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! it is a sin in you. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah is teaching you. And Allah is knower of all things.

    [ SHAKIR ] O you who believe! when you deal with each other in contracting a debt for a fixed time, then write it down; and let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; and the scribe should not refuse to write as Allah has taught him, so he should write; and let him who owes the debt dictate, and he should be careful of (his duty to) Allah, his Lord, and not diminish anything from it; but if he who owes the debt is unsound in understanding, or weak, or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate with fairness; and call in to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among those whom you choose to be witnesses, so that if one of the two errs, the second of the two may remind the other; and the witnesses should not refuse when they are summoned; and be not averse to writing it (whether it is) small or large, with the time of its falling due; this is more equitable in the sight of Allah and assures greater accuracy in testimony, and the nearest (way) that you may not entertain doubts (afterwards), except when it is ready merchandise which you give and take among yourselves from hand to hand, then there is no blame on you in not writing it down; and have witnesses when you barter with one another, and let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witness; and if you do (it) then surely it will be a transgression in you, and be careful of (your duty) to Allah, Allah teaches you, and Allah knows all things.

    [ REMARKS : Write down all transactions e.g. loan. Appoint testifiers. Men and women testifiers are equal. Two women are needed only because if one forgets then the other could remind her. ]

    [ TAGS ENGLISH: Contract, Condition, Testify, Testimony]
    [ TAGS URDU: Mamla, Qarz, Gawah, Gawahi, Aurat ]